Urdu has two different vowels, long vowels and short vowels.

  1. Long Vowels: Four long vowels in Urdu are “Alif”, “Wao”, “Choti yea” and “Badi Yea”Vowels in Urdu
  2. Short Vowels: Short Vowels (Signs): Short vowels are signs that are added to Urdu letters while writing. Following short vowels (signs) are used along with alphabets to add a direction to the sound of that alphabet.
    1. Zabar (Zabar): The sign Zabar, when used on top of any alphabet is called as Zabar. When Zabar is used, the alphabet is read with the sound of /a/.
      For Example:
      Vowels in Urdu - Zabar
      Note: Zabar is not used with alphabets, which by default has /a/ sound.For example:Vowels in Urdu - Zabar 1
    2. Zer (Zer): The sign Zer, when used beneath any alphabet is called as Zer. When Zer is used, the alphabet is read with the sound of /e/.
      For Example:
      Vowels in Urdu - Zer
      Note: Zer is not used with alphabets, which by default has /e/ sound.For example:Vowels in Urdu - Zer 1
    3. Pesh (Pesh): Pesh is a small wao Pesh used on top of an alphabet which provides the sound of /u/ to it.
      For Example:
      Vowels in Urdu - Pesh
      Note: Pesh is not used with wao “ﯙ” in any word.
    4. Madd “~”: Madd is an hyphen “~” used on top of alif only. This provides a long /aaa/ sound to /a/ sound of alif. This is not used with zer or zabar.
      Example:Vowels in Urdu - Madd

My purpose is to simplify the learning experience and get acquainted with Urdu language as quickly as possible.
First lesson I am going to teach is Urdu Alphabets, the “abjad“. Urdu alphabets are adopted from Persian alphabets which were in turn adopted from “abjad” script of Arabic. “abjad” script is said to have evolved from the Syriac & hence Phoenician script, but I am not an authority on this subject.

Below is the table of Urdu Alphabets and their pronunciations. You are expected to memorize them and their sounds.

Urdu Alphabets

Note: At this stage, don’t bother about the difference between similar sounds like Zaal, Zuad and Zoe.

Dear Visitor, Assalamu’alikum (Peace be on you).
Welcome to MY URDU website, Urdu is the sweetest and widely spoken/understood language of the Indian subcontinent (India, Pakistan, and neighbouring territories). It is also widely spoken by the Urdu Diaspora in various parts of the world, particularly Middle East, Europe and Americas. Urdu comes under Indo-Aryan group of languages and Urdu along with Hindi (mutually intelligible and follows same grammar with mostly intersecting vocabulary) is the third largest spoken language in the world as a native language.

Intended Audience & Goal of this website:
Urdu, with its rich heritage in poetry and use in Bollywood dialogues and Songs has always sparked interest amongst the masses. But there are no easy ways to learn this language on internet. Hence, primary Goal of this website is to teach the audience to Read and Write the (abjad) Script of Urdu. Any person who can speak (& Understand) Urdu and any affiliated Indian language like Hindi or Punjabi can use this website to learn Urdu. Even for the speakers of other languages, effort is made to explain the grammar in simplest form with maximum possible vocabulary and meanings.

De-Facto Language of Islam in Indian Subcontinent:
With the continuous efforts of Sufi Saints & Islamic Scholars, Islam has reached every nook and corner of Indian subcontinent. And these Sufi saints played a major role in evolution & development of Urdu, by adopting it as their language to reach the masses and to teach them the religion of Islam. As a result of which, for centuries, Urdu is being used for documenting & translating all religious works of Islam. And for many Muslims who cannot read Urdu, they are missing this opportunity to make use of this vast amount of religious work in Urdu. This website is my humble service for my fellow Muslim brothers and Sisters so that this ocean of religious work in Urdu is made accessible to them by learning Urdu.

Jawad Ali