Who Created URDU?
Language is one thing which is never invented or created**. A new language comes into existence when people of different languages interact each other over a very long time. There is no doubt that Urdu is one such recent language. When we look at this process of creation for Urdu language, it is created not only in long period of time, but also over a vast area of geography, from Hind Kush mountains to malabar. We cannot give credit of creating Urdu to any particular region or people of any particular time frame.
While we can say the process started in western parts of India with the settlement of Mahmud Ghaznavi’s forces, Urdu was adopted for literary purposes in deccan which produced Urdu Literature’s first work (Sab Ras) and first Urdu Poet Quli Qutub Shah(who compiled urdu poetry in a book) among other early champions of urdu like Sufi Saints and Islamic scholars. It was the poets of Delhi and later lucknow who matured urdu poetry and took urdu to its current zenith.
Different flavours of same language
As the process of creation of Urdu started in different parts simultaneously, there are different effects of local languages and culture on Urdu in that part of Indian subcontinent. I can relate two major effects on Urdu, one is of Aryan languages of North India and of Dravidian languages of South India. As a result, there are several words and slangs particular to each area which are not found in another. And so are different accents and pronunciations.
There is no such thing as Pure Urdu
There are many a times when we get into argument of “what is Pure Urdu?”. Same word is used in different forms in different areas, for example, “jaraha hun” and “Jaraun”, “mujhe” & “manjhe”, “kahan” “kaan”. Which one would we say is pure and which one is not? Fact is, they are all Urdu.
Similarly, there are some words unique to southern India, like “aldana” meaning ‘shouting’ which is not found in northern India, whereas people of Luckhnow use “Hum” in singular form to refer to themselves which is used in plural form in other places. So it is a baseless argument to say which word is pure Urdu and which is not. Fact is that Urdu is such a rich language that it has all these different forms.
Opening dictionary to search and validate such words is the foolish most act. Dictionary is created from the language we speak, not the other way. And the process of creating dictionary can never be said completed for any language. New words keep forming and new languages are always in making.
**Except in recent fictional languages, such as one created in Hollywood movie Avatar. Such a waste of time and money.